carbonOS (2018-present)

carbonOS is a Linux-based operating system and software platform I created and maintain. Its main goal is to bring mobile-quality user experience (UX) to the desktop. I do this by modernizing the software stack and by replacing certain assumptions about traditional OS design with careful UX-driven consideration.

For example, traditional Linux distributions are all about packages. Such an OS will distribute itself as a collection of programs that get assembled together and maintained by a package manager. System updates are simply a collection of package updates, and the package manager is the primary way for the user to install the software they want to use. This system is both an amazing technical feat and the downfall of the Linux user experience. Users do not care about packages or Linux tradition; users care about their work and the apps they use to get it done. carbonOS replaces a package manager with two separate subsystems: an app store and a system update manager. Furthermore, carbonOS protects the operating system’s files through various mechanisms. These technical decisions heavily impact user experience: the OS can now silently update itself in the background, and it can even undo faled updates. The very core design decisions of carbonOS ensure that, to a user, it is a piece of software that always works and that they can rely on to run their apps.

Working on carbonOS has given me huge amounts of computer science experience. I learned about OS design, about orchestrating large software stacks, and about low-level programming languages. I learned how to debug software through multiple layers in an OS and how to trace through code in low-level software. I learned about the firmware, the boot process, and about the bootstrapping an OS has to go through to get itself running. I learned about maintaining and updating large software systems. I learned a lot about the various layers of the Linux graphical UI stack. Working on carbonOS has been equally as challenging as it has been rewarding.

carbonOS's Graphical Environment

Project Website


FTC Robotics (2018-2020)

The FIRST Tech Challenge is an engineering robotics competition I participated in through high school. I worked on a team of about 20 people, and we designed, documented, programmed, and tested a robot to perform predefined tasks both autonomously and via remote control. I was both the team’s programmer and the team captain: I’d often have to make decisions that contradicted my interests as the programmer but led to a better outcome.

This project was real engineering experience, and it taught me how to not only participate in a team of engineers but how to run one. It also taught me how to use code to control mechanical devices such as motors, and I had to learn how to implement computer vision so that the autonomous mode could make decisions based on its environment. Here, the focus on quality was essential, because without it the robot would not only get penalized points-wise but it could also be a safety risk to itself and to the people around it. My team received the Excellence in Control Award for my software work on this project.

Project websites:


Substance SDK & KIDE (2016-2017)

The Substance SDK was an effort to build a unified buildsystem and set of tools/libraries that would allow one set of Kotlin code (with very minimal, if any, platform-specific code) for different platforms, including Android, the JVM, Native CPU instructions, and iOS. I got as far as a Gradle plug-in that managed project structure and implemented building for JVM, Native, and (partially) Android targets. Complete Android support would have required me to start work on the SDK’s standard library, which would implement many of the platform-specific APIs apps would be using.

KIDE was supposed to be the official IDE for the Substance SDK. It was a fork of the Atom text editor and related plugins. It was nearly feature-complete, with good Git integration, project management, UI tweaks and usability improvements, and complete support for Gradle and specifically the Substance SDK plugin.

Unfortunately, a comindation of schoolwork and burn-out killed this project.

It’s hard to give a single link to a “project website” because it’s scattered across a bunch of git repos here


GEM (2014-2017)

GEM was a music player app that I developed in response to a design language created by Google in 2014 called Material Design. At their demo, Google showcased a music player that many people, including myself, fell in love with on sight. Google later confirmed that their demo was just concept art and that they were not working on building a music player that looked like that. So, with no experience in Java or Android, I decided to take up the challenge of building such an app myself.

The project was a stunning success. I managed to implement Google’s concept UI in its entirety, and I published the app to the Google Play store to relatively popular reception. Google reported that I had 550 monthly active users, and I received emails from a Chinese app store asking me if they could translate my app into Mandarin because they have a few hundred people using it in China.

I taught myself Java and Android entirely through this project, and it directly led to the creation of two Android libraries that other apps used back then. I taught myself GUI development skills that I use to this day in my OS development projects. GEM was my first open source project. It also taught me a lot about the relationship between code and UX: I started out with many bad code and structure decisions that damaged the UX of the app and required rewrites to fix. Overall, GEM was a great and early learning experience for me.

Project website